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交易時段與流動性

對於股票、債券及其他大多數在各種交易所內交易的金融產品,您只能在交易所開市時進行交易。

外匯市場交易時間和流動性

對於股票、債券及其他大多數在各種交易所內交易的金融產品,您只能在交易所開市時進行交易。幸運的是,對於外匯交易者來說,貨幣交易沒有這樣的限制,無論白天還是夜晚您都可以交易,因為外匯市場每週5天、每天24小時開市。
 

24小時捕捉交易機會

由於沒有實體位置或中央交易所,外匯交易被認為是場外交易(OTC)或“銀行間”交易,即整個市場是通過銀行網絡電子化運行。得益於此,您可以通過您的經紀商一天24小時隨時下單交易,并在您方便的時候進行交易。
從下圖中您可以看到一天24小時能劃分為哪些交易時間段,圖中所採用的時間是倫敦時間,因為倫敦是外匯交易的中心樞紐。
 

尼龍時段

外匯市場交易活動量最大的時間段發生在倫敦時段(因為這個時間段內整個歐洲也在交易),但是交易量的最高峰發生在紐約和倫敦重疊的時間段。人們將這個時間段稱為“尼龍”時段(Nylon)。因此,我們可以認為尼龍時段的市場波動更大,是採用突破策略進行交易的理想時段。日內交易者們也非常喜歡在這個時間段內參與交易,因為交易量大、流動性高往往也意味著更低的點差和更小的交易成本。

 

Timezones

亞洲時段

紐約和倫敦被視為重要的交易中心,當然,對於東京、香港和新加坡也可以這麼說。隨著倫敦和紐約的銀行逐漸休市,亞洲的銀行逐漸開市,這正是外匯得以24小時交易的原因。但是,亞洲時段的外匯交易量不如尼龍時段高,意味著亞洲時段的價格波動相對較小,點差也相對較高。
 

24小時流動性循環

下圖直觀地顯示了24小時的流動性變化情況。圖表下方加載了一個14週期的ATR(平均真實波幅)。該指標能反映交易量的情況,每兩條垂直分隔線之間代表24小時。我們可以看到在亞洲時段的交易量和流動性是一天當中最低的,并隨著歐洲和倫敦市場的開市而增加,并在尼龍時段達到峰值。雖然它無法精確到小時或分鐘,但仍然能大體上反映交易量在一天當中是如何增長和減少的。

 

Timezones
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