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Glossary

Not sure what a trading term means? Search below to find the answer.

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Balance Sheet

Financial statement showing a company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity on a given date.

Balance of Payments

A systematic record of the economic transactions during a given period for a country. Can refer to either current account (which takes trade into account), capital account, or a combination thereof. Prolonged balance of payment deficits theoretically lead to currency depreciation.

Balance of Trade

Calculated by subtracting imports from exports. A negative balance of trade (when imports exceed exports) is called a 'deficit', while a positive balance is known as a 'surplus'. The balance of trade is inversely related to the difference between savings and investment.

Bank of Canada (BoC)

Central Bank for Canada, whose actions directly weigh on the value of the Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Bank of England (BoE)

Central Bank for the UK, whose actions directly weigh on the value of the Pound Sterling (GBP).

Bank of Japan (BoJ)

Central Bank for Japan, whose actions directly influences the value of the Japanese Yen (JPY)

Bear Market

While precise standards vary, refers generally to prolonged period of falling asset prices.

Bear(ish)

Describes an an investor who believes that asset prices will fall.

Bid Price

The price at which specific currency or contract can be sold. In practice, this can be understood as the number on the left side of the quote, which is usually the lower price. For example, in the quote EUR/USD 1.4122/26, the bid price is 1.4122; meaning you can sell one Euro for 1.4122 US dollars. Opposite of Ask/Offer price.

Bollinger Bands

Technical analysis tool used to measure the highness or lowness of the price relative to previous trades, consisting of three bands: middle band (simple moving average), upper band (given number of standard deviations above the middle band), and lower band (given number of standard deviations below the middle band)

Bretton Woods

1944 agreement that used the price of gold to fix exchange rates for major currencies. It was replaced in 1971 by a floating exchange rate system that remains in place today.

Bull Market

While precise standards vary, this refers generally to prolonged period of rising asset prices.

Bulldogs

Bonds issued in the UK by foreign institutions, denominated in British pounds.

Bundesbank (BUBA)

Central bank of Germany and most influential member of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).

Buyer/Taker

Refers to the buyer/holder of an option, who has the right but not the obligation, to purchase the underlying security.

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