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Glossary

Not sure what a trading term means? Search below to find the answer.

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Macro-based

An investment strategy driven by macroeconomic considerations.

Maintenance (Margin)

Minimum margin ratio above which margin account balances must remain. Falling below will trigger a margin call, whereby a customer will be requested to either deposit funds or sell securities in order to return the maintenance margin to an acceptable level.

Margin

Minimum deposit required to maintain an open position.

Margin Call

Oral or written notification requesting a customer to either deposit funds or sell securities in order to return the maintenance margin to an acceptable level.

Market Maker

Refers to any dealer who provides a two-way quote for a bid and ask price in which they stand ready to buy or sell.

Maturity

Date (or number of years) on which payment of a financial obligation is due.

Mean Reversion

Theory and observed phenomenon whereby prices and returns eventually move back towards their long-term averages.

Monetary Easing

Refers to a central bank moving to speed up the velocity of money and increase the money supply, usually by lowering interest rates or buying securities on the open market.

Monetary Policy

Refers to various tools available to a central bank, that can be employed to influence the money supply, and ultimately to moderate economic growth and price inflation.

Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)

Bank of England subcommittee that meets every month to decide the official interest rate in the UK.

Money Supply

Total amount of money available in an economy at a particular point in time. There are three typical classifications. M1 consists of all cash in circulation, plus all of the money held in checking accounts, as well as all the money in travelers checks. M2 consists of M1 plus all of the money held in money market funds, savings accounts, and small time deposits. M3 equals M2 plus large time deposits, institutional money-market funds, short-term repurchase agreements, along with other larger liquid assets. Unlike M1 and M2, M3 is no longer published or revealed to the public by the Fed.

Moving Average (MA)

Method commonly used with time series data to smooth out short-term fluctuations and highlight longer-term trends or cycles.

Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD)

Technical analysis indicator that shows the difference between a fast and slow exponential moving average of closing prices.

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