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Glossary

Not sure what a trading term means? Search below to find the answer.

Forex Terms

Appreciation

Common term used to describe a currency increasing in value, as a result of market forces as opposed to official adjustment.

Aussie

Slang term for the Australian dollar.

Cable

Refers to the Sterling/US Dollar exchange rate.

Currency basket

Refers to a weighted group of currencies purchased together, usually by a Central Bank for the purpose of fixing an exchanging rate.

Currency intervention

A situation where a central bank attempts to influence the value of its currency by either selling or buying it on the forex market. 

Currency swap

Agreement between two parties to exchange principal and fixed rate interest payments on a loan in one currency for principal and fixed rate interest payments on an equal loan in another currency.

Deflation 

A decrease in the general price level of goods and services, whereby the inflation rate falls below zero percent, resulting in an increase in the real value of money.

Depreciation 

Decline in the value of an asset, currency, or security.

Fixed Exchange Rate

Exchange rate regime in which a currency is pegged by the Central Bank so that it cannot fluctuate against other currencies. Currencies can be pegged to other currencies or commodities, such as gold.

Hard Currency

Any 'major' currency that investors have confidence in.

Key currency

Stable, globally-used currencies used in international trade and commerce. Smaller countries often peg their own currency to a key currency, or basket of such monies, and they are often kept as reserves by international central banks.

Kiwi

Slang term for the New Zealand Dollar.

Lot

Standardized quantity in forex, composed of 100,000 units of a particular currency pair.

Liquid Market

When there are plenty of lots of a particular currency being bought and sold every day.

Net Asset Value (NAV)

In a forex trading account, equal to the balance of deposits, realized and unrealized profit/loss, and interest - minus withdrawals.

Official Settlements Account

US balance of payments category that sums the movement of dollars in foreign official holdings and US reserves.

Peg

Type of exchange rate regime where one currency's value is fixed to another currency or basket of currencies.

Purchasing Power Parity

Model of exchange rate determination based on the law of one price, which states that the price of a good in one country should equal the price of the same good in another country.

Quote currency

Currency listed second in a currency pairing.

Reciprocal Currency

A currency pair involving the US Dollar where the US dollar is not the first currency quoted. For example, the euro is the base currency when paired with the US dollar.

Reserve Currency

Any currency that is perceived as stable or reliable, meaning that central banks are willing to hold it in mass quantities. The US Dollar is currently the world's foremost reserve currency.

Sterling

Official term for the British Pound.

Swissy

Slang term for the Swiss Franc.

Unconvertible Currency

Any currency that cannot be freely exchanged for other(s) because of foreign exchange regulations.

US Dollar Index (USDX)

Measure of the value of the US dollar, weighted according to the currencies of its trading partners.

XAG/USD

The currency symbol for Silver/U.S Dollar.

XAU/USD

The currency symbol for Gold/U.S Dollar.

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